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Lesson on Adjectives

by Shirley Gomez | 03 Jan 2017
Resource Description: Lesson plan that contains various activities to help teach adjectives to ESL students.
Audience: Adult, Elementary
Audience Language Proficiency: Beginner
Duration: 45 - 50 minutes
Language Skill: Grammar
Content Area: English Language Arts
Materials and Technology:

Many Luscious Lollipops: A Book About Adjectives by Ruth Heller

Adjectives and nouns worksheet

Simple sentences Worksheet

paper and pencil for writing

Visuals (pictures of the vocabulary words)

PowerPoint supplement form the Azar grammar website



Students will learn about adjectives and how they are used to describe nouns. Students will also learn how including adjectives into their sentences can improve their writing skills.

Outcome(s): By the end of this lesson, students will be able to use adjectives to enhance their sentences and improve their writing skills.

Anticipatory Set:  Teacher will present the following scenario to the class: Your parents will be coming to meet with me to discuss (about) your performance in class. Think about what words you would you like me to use as I speak about you with your parents. On a half sheet of paper I would like you to create two lists. One list will be of adjectives that you would like me to use when describing you and/or your work to your parents. The other list will be of adjectives you are desperately hoping I will not use when I talk with your parents. For example, if my teachers were to talk to my parents, I would want them to say I am a respectful. I would not want my teachers to tell my parents that I am a rude student.

Vocabulary Focus: Before conducting a read aloud of the book Many Luscious Lollipops: A Book About Adjectives, teacher will have a discussion of this week's vocabulary words. Knowledge of these words are needed to understand the story to be read. Teacher will incorporate the use of visuals/pictures into the discussion of the following vocabulary words.

gigantic                                                                     stern

adorable                                                                    aged

gorgeous                                                                    luscious

Direct Instruction: With the help of a PowerPoint from the Azar grammar website ( chapter 1 (1-7), teacher will conduct a mini-lesson on adjectives. Teacher will explain that adjectives are words that are used to describe or modify nouns and pronouns.

Modeling: Teacher will write the following sentence on the board: My cat jumped from the chair. Teacher will demonstrate how adjectives can be used to provide additional information and expand a simple sentence. Teacher will use the word smelly as an example of an adjective that can be used to describe a cat. Teacher will add the word to the sentence- My smelly cat jumped from the chair. Teacher will continue by asking a volunteer to provide another word to describe cat. (For example: furry). Teacher will then add this word to the sentence- My furry, smelly cat jumped from the couch. Next, the teacher will ask for another volunteer to name a word that can be used to describe couch. (For example: old)

Read Aloud: Teacher will read aloud Many Luscious Lollipops: A Book About Adjectives by Ruth Heller

Guided Practice: For this activity, students will work in pairs. Each pair will be given a list of 10 simple sentences to which they will add adjectives.

Check for understanding: Students will be given a worksheet consisting of 20 sentences. They will circle the noun and underline the adjective describing it in each sentence. This activity will help the teacher determine students' comprehension of not only adjectives but also of nouns.

Independent Practice: Each student will write a short story about their favorite toy or book using as many adjectives as possible. The more they use, the funnier the story. 

Closure: Five mystery bags will be distributed around the room. Students will be asked to place their hands in each bag and feel the object inside. They can touch the object, shake the bag, etc., but they cannot look at the object. Students will then write down as many adjectives as possible to describe each unknown object. After students have written down adjectives to describe all five objects, they will be asked to share their lists with the class. Students will be asked to guess or identify the mystery objects before contents of all 5 bags are revealed.



Assessment: Worksheet on adjectives and nouns

For ELLs and students needing further scaffold, provide a list of common adjectives to assist them in completing the independent activity.

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