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Describing an ancient city

by Güniz Çalışkan Kılıç | 12 May 2021
Resource Description:

This resource is prepared for A2 level students. Technology is integrated in every part of the lesson. The students will read a text about an ancient city and learn about its location, history and main features. Then they will be able to write and speak about an ancient city by giving details about its location, history, and main features, etc.

Audience: Secondary
Audience Language Proficiency: Intermediate
Duration: 1 hour
Language Skill: Reading, Speaking, Writing
Content Area: History and English
Materials and Technology: In this lesson these web 2.0 tools will be used: Trello, Learningapps, Genially and Milanote

By the end of the lesson SWBAT speak about Göbeklitepe and write a booklet about an ancient city by including location, history and main features of it. They are expected to use present simple, past simple and present perfect in their sentences.


SWBAT prepare a speech about Göbeklitepe.

SWBAT design a booklet describing an ancient city.

Warm-up (Motivating and Activating Background Knowledge):   

a.  Think About: Greet the students and behave as if you have just arrived from a trip. Say “I was in Efes last week”. Shows your photo taken in Efes. “I went to many other places. Can you guess those places?” (3 min.)

b. Vocabulary: In the second part, Ask the students to put your holiday photos in the correct order to pre-teach some vocabulary. (this activity can be digital or on the board with photos.) (7 min.)

c. Predict: Tell the students that this lesson is about one of the places that you visited in vocabulary activity. Ask them to predict. (2 min.)


Tell students that they are going to read a text about Göbeklitepe. Ask them to fill the first part and the second part of KWL chart in pairs.

“What do you know about Göbeklitepe?” (3 min.)

“What do you want to learn about Göbeklitepe?“ (3 min.)

(this activity can be digital or paper and pen activity.)

Guided Practice:

a. It is time to read. The teacher reads the text aloud. In this activity students are going to put the events from the reading text into chronological order. (5 min.)

b. Read the first question and answer it with the whole class. (2 min.) 

c. If the students want to read again, they read it one more time. Then check the answers with the students. (5 min.)

Independent Practice:

a. In the next activity the students are going to read the text and answer the true (T), false (F) questions. The first question will be done together with the students. (3min.)

b. Give time to the students to work individually. (5 min.)

c. Talk about the answers with the whole class. (5 min.)   


a. Think to yourself: Ask the students to think and write what they have learned about Göbeklitepe on KWL chart. (5 min.)

b. Pair: Tell your friend what you have already known, what you have learned about Göbeklitepe. Practice what you are going to say to the class. If your friend asks a question, try to answer it. (5 min.)

c. Share with class: Tell the class what you have learned and what you have already known about Göbeklitepe. (7 min.)


Tell the students to make some research about an ancient city in groups of three and ask them to prepare a digital booklet in Storyjumper. Include the following: the location, a brief history, main features and photos. Then tell them to visit milanote and add the links of their digital booklets on that page. Then ask them to visit the booklets of other groups. After reading their peers’ booklets they should make comments about them (has that group included everything in the do list?). They can ask questions for further information, too. In the end they will choose the best booklet by considering the to do list on Milanote.


Students can circle the happy face, the medium face, or the sad face to self-assess how good their reading and speaking in this unit. Peer feedback will be given during the closure pair activity. Teacher will monitor the students during the activities and will give instant feedback when needed (especially about the usage of Simple Past. In the homework activity the students will write their comments about the other groups’ booklets. The students and the teacher will use the to do list. They will choose the best booklet by checking the to do list. 

Differentiation: In the previous lesson, revising simple present, simple past and present perfect will be helpful. With a more advanced class, passive voice can be practiced during the lesson. 
References: Silverlining Student's Book page 89
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TESOL Interest Section: Secondary Schools