Teaching Vocabulary to English Language Learners 
By M. F. Graves, D. August, and J. Mancilla-Martinez

Foreword Catherine E. Snow

1. Introduction

A Four-Part Vocabulary Program
The Likely Effect of the Common Core State Standards
on Vocabulary Instruction for ELLs
An Overview of This Book
Other Sources of Information on Instruction for English Language Learners

2. Learning Words in a Second Language

The Vocabulary Learning Task Students Face
The Role of Individual, Home, School, and Instructional Factors
in the Development of English Vocabulary in ELLs
Effective Vocabulary Instruction
A Final Word

3. Providing Rich and Varied Language Experiences

Promoting Incidental Word Learning
Directly Building Primary-Grade ELLs’ Oral Vocabularies
A Final Word

4. Teaching Individual Words

Preliminaries on Teaching Individual Words
Introductory Instruction
Stronger and More Powerful Instruction
Repetition and Review
A Final Word

5. Teaching Word-Learning Strategies

A Powerful Model for Teaching Strategies
Preliminary Instruction on Word-Learning Strategies
Using Word Parts
Using Context Clues
Using Cognates
Using the Dictionary
Recognizing and Dealing with Multiword Units
Developing Strategies for Dealing with Unknown Words
Adopting a Personal Approach to Building Vocabulary
When Should the Strategies be Taught to ELLs?
A Final Word

6. Promoting Word Consciousness

Creating a Word-Rich Environment
Recognizing and Promoting Adept Diction
Promoting Word Play
Fostering Word Consciousness Through Writing
Involving Students in Original Investigations
Teaching Students About Words
A Final Word

7. Empirically Validated Vocabulary Programs
for English Language Learners

The Vocabulary Improvement and Oral Language Enrichment
Through Stories (VIOLETS) Program
Acquisition of Vocabulary in English (AVE)
Word Generation (WG)
The Quality English and Science Teaching (QuEST) Project
A Final Word

Children’s Literature Cited



About the Authors