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Question Formation Through Dialogic Pedagogy

by Ashani Gunawardana |

This lesson provides an opportunity for the students to form grammatically correct questions. This lesson incorporates dialogic pedagogical approach (with the ample use of classroom talk).

Resource Type: Lesson Plan

Audience: Adult, Secondary

Audience Language Proficiency: Intermediate

Duration: 60 minutes

Materials And Technology:
  • Access to internet
  • Whiteboard
  • Google Classroom


The lesson aims to enable the students to:

  • Form yes/ no questions out of a statement
  • Form WH questions out of a yes/ no question


At the end of the lesson the students will be able to:

  • Ask questions accurately

Language Skill:Grammar
Content Area:
  • English as a second language
  • Dialogic pedagogy
  • Prepare (5 minutes)
    • Direct casual questions to students as a warm up activity
      • Are you ready?
      • What is the lesson today?
      • Where did we stop last week?
      • Why are you silent?
    • After students make their responses, instruct students to pay attention to the questions the teacher asked
    • Write down the elicited questions on the whiteboard and focus students’ attention towards those questions
  • Present (25 minutes, while providing an opportunity for learner autonomy through dialogic pedagogy)
    • Display the elicited sentences on the whiteboard
    • Assign students to make yes/ no questions of those sentences as groups
    • After 10 minutes, instruct the steps of forming yes/ no questions by eliciting answers from the students
      • Identify the verb
      • If the verb is “BE”, position the verb before the subject in a yes/ no Question
      • If the verb is one word verb, the dummy auxiliary has to be elicited in order to position it before the subject
      • If the verb phrase has more than one word verb, take the first auxiliary and position it before the subject
    • Introduce WH question words in order to form the WH questions
      • When, where, why, who, how etc.
    • Instruct students to add WH question word prior to the yes/ no questions structure
  • Practice (15 minutes)
    • Display 10 sentences on the board
    • Ask students to form yes/no questions out of them
    • Drill the yes /no questions 2-3 times
  • Perform (15 minutes)
    • Instruct students to develop a TV interview (at least 10 questions using yes/ no and WH questions) with famous figure/s in the country (group work – 5-6 members) and enact it.
      • Group the students (5-6 members in a group)
      • Decide on a famous figure/s in the country that they select as the guest of their TV program
      • Based on the profile of the guest, ask students to write sentences which can be asked from the famous figure
        • If he is a movie star:
          • What is your latest movie?
          • With whom did you act in the movie….?
          • Which movie do you like most? Etc.
    • Students practice and then enact it. Each role is to be videotaped.
      • Grant 10 marks for grammatically accurate 10 questions.
    • At the end of each presentation, along with marks earned, students would be given written feedback on the errors made in the question formation and a soft copy of their role play to identify the errors

As formative assessment, instruct students to form at least 10 questions based on the poem The Snare by James Stephens ( and upload the answers to the google classroom.


  • What do you hear?



TESOL Interest Section: Adult Education, Applied Linguistics

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